Plan for the operation of the new American merchant marine

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Merchant Marine Academy and the six other state maritime academies were called on for support. These cadets - college students - were asked to sail ships as part of the crew under a certification program administered by the U.

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Coast Guard. This allowed the cadets to relieve seasoned mariners so that they could be dispatched to the Middle East and Southwest Asia. In addition, the maritime academies were asked to release cadets to their respective regional U. S shipyards to break out ships for the war effort. These cadets attended class during the day and then spent the afternoons and evenings in shipyards helping to break out ships.

The RRF is a reserve fleet of ships owned by the U.


Merchant Mariners. The MSP fleet generally consists of international companies that register and domicile part of their business operations under U. Department of Defense protocols and are required to crew their vessels with U. Additionally, U. Over the past two decades the U. Merchant Marine and its Jones Act companies have responded effectively to every major maritime-accessible conflict and disaster that challenged the United States. By way of example, following the Sept.

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There was no way out except to swim or find a boat. The U. Merchant Marine went to work.


In less than nine hours, Jones Act companies rearranged their voyages and sent vessels straight to the island of Manhattan. Hundreds of thousands of people were rescued and taken to safety by Jones Act ships, mariners and companies.

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It was largest boat lift evacuation in history — moving more people by boat than in the evacuation of Dunkirk, France. This hurricane season has been no different, and the Merchant Marine is on duty. Crowley Maritime dispatched more than 18 Jones Act petroleum vessels loaded with gasoline and diesel to Florida ports in response to fuel shortages and evacuations caused by Hurricane Irma.

The volume is enough to fill the tanks of more than 7 million vehicles. Crowley delivered nearly , pounds of food, water and tarp materials in the wake of Irma and began pre-supplying the island in advance of Hurricane Maria. The vessel was loaded with FEMA containers, vehicles, and other stores. Among the cargo was a replacement radar system for the Federal Aviation Administration. Kennedy, Sr. Like its predecessors, the U. Maritime Commission was charged with advancing and maintaining a strong merchant marine to support U. The Commission regulated ocean commerce, supervised freight and terminal facilities, and administered construction and operational subsidy funds for private commercial ships.

Executive Order effectively separated the Maritime Commission into two parts; the Commission to design and construct ships and the WSA to acquire and operate them. Although administratively separated, the two agencies worked closely together. Between and , the Maritime Commission and WSA managed the greatest industrial shipbuilding and ship operations effort ever seen. Nearly 6, merchant vessels and naval auxiliaries were constructed, with the WSA routinely managing the simultaneous operations, repair and maintenance of thousands of ships.

Under the Merchant Ship Sales Act, several thousand ships were sold or disposed of, while retaining a nucleus of reserve shipping known as the National Defense Reserve Fleet.

The Maritime Administration’s First Years: – | MARAD

Department of Commerce. In , as part of Reorganization Plan No. In , MARAD was transferred to the Department of Transportation, completing the consolidation of all Federal transportation programs into one cabinet-level department. MARAD is still charged with promoting the development and maintenance of a strong merchant marine for the national defense and development of its foreign and domestic commerce.

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MARAD also continues to own and operate a fleet of government-owned cargo vessels to support national security requirements. These gray-colored ships of the Ready Reserve Force are strategically positioned in ports around the nation and are readily identifiable by their distinctive red, white and blue stack bands. Select Bibliography Albion, Robert G. New York: Norton, Reprinted by Archon.

Merchant Shipping in the Twentieth Century. New York: Twayne Publishers, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, Goldberg, Mark H. Kelly, Roy W.