Landrum was also experimenting with horticultural endeavors. He is credited with the first successful grafting and budding of a pecan tree.
He took the small, insignificant native pecan and was able to graft it on to the hardy stock of native hickory trees American Farmer and start what would later become a huge pecan industry in the southern United States. Abner Landrum inherited a young slave by the name of Dave. The Hive was a Unionist-slanted publication which was undoubtedly out of step with the views of the growing Edgefield planter-class. The Hive also carried articles on science and the arts. Dave is now world-known for his masterful, large stoneware vessels, many inscribed with contemplative couplet poems he penned on the surface of the wet clay pots.
In a time where it was illegal for slaves to read and write, Dave managed his stylus with impunity, signing and dating his often mammoth-sized pots with his name, Dave. Clearly, Abner Landrum empowered Dave with education and exposed him to lofty ideals through his work at the Hive. The heat of politics evidently became too much for Dr.
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Abner Landrum in his hometown of Edgefield. He was persuaded by a Columbia, SC group of Unionists to relocate there in about He started another publication there called the Columbia Free Press and Hive. In addition, he embarked on another manufacturing concern in what is present-day Forest Acres in greater Columbia called Landrum Brick and Pottery on Bethel Church Road. There he settled and built his home. This home is much modified, but still standing today.
Landrum started producing firebrick for fireplaces, boilers and the great furnaces of the growing industrial south. He also produced alkaline glazed pottery for Columbia and for shipment around the south.
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His son, Linneaus Mead Landrum was active as a stoneware potter and helped run the Forest Acres business. Stork Brickyard, where it persisted until The Brickyard Condominiums were built on the old brick factory site.
The original chimney of the Landrum factory is encased inside of another chimney built in and has a granite memorial marker at its base on the condominium grounds. Edgefield became a training ground for this unique alkaline-glazed pottery tradition.
- Environment, Fourth Edition (Fergusons Careers in Focus).
- Understanding Russianness (Routledge Advances in Sociology).
- Dave – A Literate Slave;
- The Expanding Legacy of the Enslaved Potter-Poet David Drake;
Dave perhaps gave insight into his feelings by penning this April14, poem on one of his pots: When Noble Dr. Landrum is dead, May Guardian angels visit his bed. Through out the past month, I have been making hand-made fire brick for my new groundhog kiln which is under construction. It has been quite a learning curve! Temperatures have run in the upper 90's each day of the past month of June and has slowed work.
I am aided by Dr. Mark Newell and Nick Nichols. Nick Nichols upper left and Dr. Mark Newell making fire brick. The fire brick are placed on pallets in the sun to dry.
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They must be turned often to keep them from warping. Once we make the required amount of brick, they will be stacked into a kiln-like shape with a fire box formed at one end and a chimney at the other. Heat will be gradually built up over several days until they reach about 2, degrees F.
Once the brick cools, they will be sorted and used in the groundhog kiln construction. Posted by madpotter at PM 3 comments:. Saturday, January 08, The Big Move!!! Posted by madpotter at PM 1 comment:. Labels:pottery, kiln, southern,clay,groundhog alkaline glaze alkaline glazed alkaline-glazed pottery ash glazed ash-glazed clay edgefield Edgefield pottery folk art groundhog kiln old edgefield pottery wood-fired.
Hernandez, Spanish Mr. HIcks, Counselor Mrs. David Drake ? This week we will look at crafts. The main points about crafts are that they are made by hand and not by a factory, and the works are usually meant to be both useful and bring enjoyment or beauty. Wood carving is a very old craft. Wood carving requires tools such as a knives or mallets.
Germany has a strong tradition of wood carving that dates back to the 12th century. Oberammergau, a small German town, has over 70 carvers, who specialize in selling Christian figurines. It has a year old wood carving school. Not all carved figures are religious.
The traveling peddler is a popular subject. YouTube video - Duck Decoy Carving min. YouTube video - Craft in America min. Pottery is a craft. Someone who creates pottery is known as a potter. He produced over pottery jugs and jars, usually 25 to 40 gallon-sized, which were some of the largest in American pottery history. He is an inspiring example of an artist, because he was an African American slave on a South Carolina plantation.
He was known as "Dave" and is called Dave the Potter. Dave learned to read and write even though it was against literacy laws at that time for slaves to be taught. He signed and wrote inscriptions on all the pots he made. Lewis Miles owned the pottery workshop where Dave worked and may have owned Dave himself for a time. After the Emancipation Proclamation law passed, which outlawed slavery, Dave adopted the last name Drake, and referred to himself as David. Drake was the last name of an earlier owner who had probably taught David to read and write. It has both artistic and historical significance.
David Drake is our artist of the week. Dave the Potter: Artist, Poet, Slave is an award winning picture book in our library. YouTube video - Discovering Dave trailer min. Basketry is an ancient craft that was practiced by nearly all cultures. Many native American tribes were known for their basket making.
David Drake (potter) - Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia
Native Americans usually made their baskets from locally available materials. Basket made from kudzu vines. Materials used to make baskets include strips of wood, sweetgrass, birchbark, vines, and other things. Baskets made from reeds are called wicker baskets. The island of Nantucket, Massachusetts is known for its wicker baskets called lightship baskets.
Nantucket was once a whaling town with many ships sailing in and out of its port. They served the same function as a lighthouse, except the light was on a ship moored off of the coast. These baskets became known as lightship baskets. In later years after the lightships were no longer used, the baskets continued to be made on shore and became a popular tourist item. Lightship baskets are often made in sets of baskets that are identical except they are different sizes that will set inside of each other.
These are called nesting baskets. Scrimshaw became a popular decorative addition to the lighthouse baskets. Scrimshaw is an etching carved on whale bone. The history and art of lightship baskets are showcased at the Nantucket Lightship Basket museum in Nantucket, Massachusetts.
All kinds of materials can be used to make crafts.